RELATIONSHIP OF ENERGY AND NUTRIENTS ADEQUACY ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF FOOTBALL PLAYERS AGED 9-12 YEARS
Keywords:intake, athletes, nutrition, adolescent
Accomplishment of nutrient need indigenous to food is primary factor that constitute optimizing athlete performance. Nutrient intake can provide energy for the athlete’s body during the competition and also required for rapid recovery during the rest periods. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of energy and nutrient intake on nutritional status of football player aged 9-12 years old in Sinar Harapan Football School (FS), Tulangan, Sidoarjo. This correlation descriptive study using cross sectional design on 21 major players of football team from Sinar Harapan FS, Tulangan, Sidoarjo (there was one subject resigned because of illness and one other person was dropped out because did not follow 24-hours recall twice). Subjects were measured their body weight and height to estimate Body Mass Index (BMI) for age as an indicator of nutritional status. Subject also measured their intake as well as the percentage of energy and nutrients (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) adequacy using multiple 24-hours recall (three days nonconsecutive). The resulting indicates that the percentage of energy and fat adequacy of football players of Sinar Harapan FS, Tulangan, Sidoarjo are associated with BMI for age significantly (r=0.623; p=0.004 and r=0.609; p=0.006). It can be concluded that the football players of Sinar Harapan FS, Tulangan, Sidoarjo whose energy and fat intake meets the daily needs then their optimal BMI for age can be achieved.