THE DECREASE OF DEPRESSION LEVEL IN ELDERLY WITH COOKING GROUP THERAPY AS MODALITY THERAPY IN PANTI WERDHA SURABAYA
Keywords:cooking group occupational therapy, the elderly, depression
Elderly who live in homes or institutions tend to be more at risk of depression. Elderly in nursing have symptoms of depression such as doesn’t have motivation for life and often bored because there is no activity. One way to reduce the level of depression in the elderly used occupational therapy. Occupational therapy cooking group is one of the occupational therapy that uses the process of cooking to serve the food as a therapy method. This study aimed to analyze the effect of occupational therapy : cooking group as modality therapy to decrease of depression in Nursing Home for Elderly in Surabaya. This study design used pre-made with the experimental one-group pre-post test in the treatment group pretest and posttest. Variable independent is cooking occupational therapy group and variable dependent is depression. The population in this study is the elderly who have mild depression. With a sample of 30 elderly people selected by probability sampling using simple random sampling technique. The research instrument used questionnaire GDS 30. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results showed that the effect of occupational therapy group cooking terhadapt level of depression in the elderly. Results Wilcoxon Signed Rank test p = 0.001 (p 0.001 <α 0:05), meaning that there are significant in the treatment group. The implication of this research is occupational therapy cooking group on the level of depression in the elderly effect, so it needs the support of the institutions to increase the cooking occupational therapy group, so as to minimize the level of depression in the elderly.