CONSUMPTION OF FE-FOLAT WITH BANANA TO THE HAEMOGLOBIN LEVELS AND SIDE EFFECTS ON PREGNANT WOMAN
Keywords:Fe-folat, banana, Hb level, side effect
Pregnant woman is one group anemia risk. The government policy in supplement tablet fe-folat at least 90 tablet during pregnant. Iron tablet consumption can generate side effects that annoying as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and constipation. Research purposes to know the influence of iron tablet consumption and folic acid with bananas against elevated levels of haemoglobin and side effects on gastrointestinal pregnant women. Experimental research (one group pre-postest design). Sample of 24 pregnant women with < 20 weeks of pregnancy age criteria, no KEK, pregnancy distance > 2 years, and pregnant mother age is 20-35 years. Variables that measure is pre-post Hb levels and side effects on the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, vomiting, and constipation. Hb levels were analyzed with Paired T-Test and side effects were tested by Mc Nemar (α = 0.05). Result of research, mean of Hb level of pre 11.71 gr% and post 12.66 gr% (mean increase is 0,95 gr%). Test Paired T-Tes, t = -7.489, p <0.001. Side effect at the beginning of the first week, mild nausea vomiting (58.33%), and constipation (25.00%). At the end of the second week, mild nausea vomiting, and constipation (4.16%). Mc Nemar test result of nausea vomiting p < 0.01 and constipation p> 0.05. Consumption of iron and folate tablets with bananas can increase Hb levels quickly and can reduce side effects of nausea, vomiting, and constipation. It is recommended for health workers to improve education to pregnant women to consume iron tablets using bananas.