Association Between Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in Non-Insulin-Dependent Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients


  • Kartika Yuliani
  • Lily Arsanti Lestari
  • Nyoman Kertia


T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus, physical activity, body mass index, BMI


For type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, lifestyle modification intervention including physical activity intervention is one of key points to improve BMI and other metabolic markers which can delay complications development. Nevertheless, modifying physical activity to meet recommendation is not easy. We tried to explore physical activity practice of T2DM patients from 3 public health services in Kota Yogyakarta and investigate the association between physical activity and body mass index. This study was a cross sectional study which conducted on 29 non-insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Physical activity was measured using IPAQ. The association between physical activity and body mass index was analyzed using Spearman’s Rank correlation test by STATA 13. Our study found that 96,55% participants had moderate and high level physical activity. The mean of participants BMI and IPAQ score were 27,13 ± 3,45 kg/m2 and 4463,94 ± 2324,19. The correlation between physical activity and body mass index was negative or protective (r = -0,02) but not significant (p=0,87). We suggest T2DM patients should not only do moderate or high physical activity but also do regular exercise and or maintain diet to achieve BMI improvement.


Guariguata, L., Whiting, D. R., Hambleton, I., Beagley, J., Linnenkamp, U. & Shaw, J. E.

(2014). Global estimates of diabetes prevalence for 2013 and projections for 2035. Diabetes

Research and Clinical Practice. Elsevier Ireland Ltd, 103(2), 137–149. doi:


Zheng, Y., Ley, S. H., & Hu, F. B. (2018). Global aetiology and epidemiology of type 2 diabetes

mellitus and its complications. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 14(2), 88.

Kelly, M. P., & Barker, M. (2016). Why is changing health-related behaviour so difficult?.

Public health, 136, 109-116.

Perkeni (2015). Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Indonesia. Jakarta:


American Diabetes Association. (2016). Physical activity/exercise and diabetes: a position

statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes care, 39(11), 2065-2079.

Kurniawati, D. W. (2011). Perbedaan Perubahan Berat Badan, Aktivitas Fisik, dan Kontrol

Glukosa antara Anggota Organisasi Penyandang Diabetes Mellitus dan Non Anggota.

Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro.

Chen, L., Pei, J. H., Kuang, J., Chen, H. M., Chen, Z., Li, Z. W., & Yang, H. Z. (2015). Effect of lifestyle intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis. Metabolism, 64(2),


American Diabetes Association. (2016). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2016: summary

of revisions. Diabetes care, 39(Supplement 1), S4-S5.

Nurgajayanti, C., Kurdanti, W., Kurdanti, W., Setiyobroto, I., & Setiyobroto, I. (2017).

Hubungan antara Status Gizi, Asupan Karbohidrat, Serat dan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Kadar

Glukosa Darah pada Pasien Rawat Jalan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Puskesmas Jetis Kota

Yogyakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta)

Bohn, B., Herbst, A., Pfeifer, M., Krakow, D., Zimny, S., Kopp, F., ... & Holl, R. W. (2015).

Impact of physical activity on glycemic control and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in

adults with type 1 diabetes: a cross-sectional multicenter study of 18,028 patients. Diabetes

care, 38(8), 1536-1543.

Hemmingsen, B., Gimenez‐Perez, G., Mauricio, D., i Figuls, M. R., Metzendorf, M. I., &

Richter, B. (2017). Diet, physical activity or both for prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes

mellitus and its associated complications in people at increased risk of developing type 2

diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (12).

Karstoft, K., & Pedersen, B. K. (2016). Exercise and type 2 diabetes: focus on metabolism and

inflammation. Immunology and cell biology, 94(2), 146-150.




How to Cite

Yuliani, K., Arsanti Lestari, L., & Kertia, N. (2020). Association Between Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in Non-Insulin-Dependent Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. PROCEEDING SURABAYA INTERNATIONAL HEALTH CONFERENCE 2019, 1(1), 325–328. Retrieved from