The Effectiveness of Giving Papaya Fruit (Carica Papaya) Toward Blood Pressure on Elderly Hypertension Patients at the Posyandu Purna Sejahtera Surabaya
Keywords:Hypertension, Blood pressure, Papaya Fruit.
Hypertension in elderly happened due to the decrease elasticity of arteries at the process of aging. Based on previous research, papaya is known as complementary therapy to decrease blood pressure in adult patient. The design of this research is Quasi Experiment. The population were 34 elderly people with hypertension at Posyandu Purna Sejahtera Surabaya. There were 34 respondents as sample. Samples were taken by total sampling, which divide into two groups, each group consist of 17 respondents. Research instrument were sphygmomanometer needle, stethoscope and SOP of giving papaya. The data analysis using the Mann Whitney and the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test Result of this study before intervention to 17 respondents was almost half of respondents (47,1%) had mild hypertension, while after intervention there only small part (35,3%) had normal hypertension. In the first measurement of control group the result obtained that half of respondents (52,9%) also had mild hypertension. Whereas the second measurement was found that almost half of respondents (47,1%) had mild hypertension. The result of Mann Whitney Test was ρ=0,025<α=0,05 then Ho rejected, that means giving papaya has effectiveness to decrease blood pressure at Posyandu Lansia Purna Sejahtera Surabaya.
Aini, M. Nur. 2015. Various Efficacious Fruit Medicines. Yogyakarta: Real Books
Azizah, Lilik Ma’rifatul. 2011. Elderly Nursing. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Dinkes Surabaya. 2015. Profile of the Surabaya Health Office. Opened September 26, 2016,
Dewi, Sofia Rhosma. 2014. Gerontik Nursing Textbook. Yogyakarta: Deepublis.
Depkes. 2013. Basic Health Research. Opened September 27, 2016, from
Farmawati, Ruhyana.2012. Provision of Papaya on the Blood Pressure of Hypertensive
Patients in the Working Area of Ngampilan Yogyakarta Health Center. Opened September 26,
, from http://Naskah%20Publikasi_ASMI%20FARMAWATI.pdf.
Fatmah. 2010. Elderly Nutrition. Jakarta: PT Penerbit Erlangga
Haryono, Rudi & Sulis Setianingrum. 2013. Watch Your Enemies After 40 Years Old.
Yogyakarta: Gosyen Publishing.
Indriana, Yeniar. 2012. Gerontology & Progeria. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar
Khomsan, Ali. 2010. Food and Nutrition for Health. Jakarta: Rajawali Spor
Muflihah, Siti & Nurul Kamariyah. 2015. The Role of Nurses in Antihypertensive Monitoring
in People with Hypertension. Opened October 6, 2016, from
Marliani, Lilin dkk. 2007. 100 Quest & Answers Hipertensi. Jakarta: PT Elex Media
Mursito, Bambang. 2007. Healthy in old age with traditional herbs. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya
Notoatmodjo, Soekidio. 2012. Health Research Methodology. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Nugroho, Wahyudi. 2008. Gerontik & Geriatric Nursing. Jakarta: E n GC
Purnama, Puji. 2014. Easy Ways to Harvest Abundant Papaya Fruit. Yogyakarta: Indolerasi.
Putra, Satria Winkandra. 2013. 68 Antidote to Disease. Jogjakarta: Katahari
RM, Puspita & Minni Rochaili Immelati. 2013. Did You Know Foods Are Dangerous For
High Blood Pressure. Jakarta: Niaga Swadaya
Rilantono, Lily I. 2013. Cardiovascular disease. Jakarta: FKUI
Sunaryo, dkk .2016. Gerontik Nursing Care. Yogyakarta: ANDI.
Sasongkowati, Retno. 2013. Sakti Buah Destroyer Disease. Yogyakarta: Indoliteras.
Susilo, Yekti & Wulandari. 2011. The Right Way to Overcome Hypertension. Yogyakarta:
Sujiprihati, Sriani & Ketty Suketi. 2009. Superior Papaya Cultivation. Jakarta: Penebar
Triyanto, Endang. 2014. Nursing Services for Integrated Hypertension Patients. Yogyakarta:
Wahyuningsih, Retno. 2013. Nursing Services for Integrated Hypertension Patients.
Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Widjadja, Rafelin. 2009. Chronic disease. Jakarta: Bee Media Indonesia.
Yulianto. A. 2014. Cultivation of Rambutan, Banana, Watermelon, Oranges, Mangoes,
Papaya. Jogjakarta: Javalitera.