THE RELATIONSHIP NUTRITIONAL STATUS WITH THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE AND DISMENOREA INCIDENT IN MIDWIFERY DIPLOMA UNUSA
Keywords:BMI, menstrual cycle, Dysmenorrhea
Menstrual cycle is the distance between the first day of menstruation with the first day of next menstruation. Dysmenorrhoea or pain during menstruation is the most common gynecological complaint experienced by adolescents as primary dysmenorrhea which associated with a normal ovulatory cycle without pelvic abnormality. The factor of menstrual cycle’s regularity is the hormone imbalance with several causes such as stress, disease, changes in routine, lifestyle and weight. Nutritional status is assessed from body mass index (BMI). After obtained the respondents who experience dysmenorrhea and then categorized based on the degrees of dysmenorrhoea and the regularity of menstrual cycle. Relationship BMI with menstrual cycle was analyzed using Chi Square test with p=0.000 (p <0.05) it means there is a relationship between BMI with menstrual cycle. The use of hormones in livestock breeding will affect adolescent growth. Teenagers who consume these foods tend to be fat and have a high body mass index. The cause of the longer cycle of menstruation is increase amount of body fat followed raising level of estrogen in the blood. The relationship of BMI with disminorea was analyzed using Spearman test, BMI had negative correlation (r=-0.114) with dysminorrhea incidence and there was no correlation between BMI and dysminorrhea (p> 0,05). The absence of a relationship can be due to BMI underweight and overweight category can experience primary dysmenorrheal.